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2018 Top 10 Most Influential Central Banks

Caproasia Institute | 2019

The world’s top 10 most influential Central Banks – 2018 GDP.

Caproasia Institute releases the 2018 top 10 most influential central banks, ranked by 2018 GDP.  Data includes the top 10 most influential central banks in 2018, 2018 GDP, 2018 population and per capita.

” The 10 central banks represent $64.97 trillion or 75.72% of 2018 global GDP “

2018 Top 10 Most Influential Central Banks:

  1. Fed – Federal Reserve (United States)
  2. ECB – European Central Bank* (European Union)
  3. PBOC – People’s Bank of China (China)
  4. BOJ – Bank of Japan (Japan)
  5. BOE – Bank of England (United Kingdom**)
  6. RBI – Reserve Bank of India (India)
  7. BCB – Banco Central do Brasil (Brazil)
  8. BOC – Bank of Canada (Canada)
  9. CBR – Central Bank of Russia (Russia)
  10. RBA – Reserve Bank of Australia^ (Australia)

 

” The 2018 most influential central bank is the federal reserve (Fed) “

Fast Facts

  • The most influential central bank is Federal Reserve (Fed)
  • Federal Reserve is the Central Bank of the United States of America (United States)
  • The United States is a $20.49 trillion economy – 23.88% of 2018 global GDP
  • The top 3 most influential central banks are the Federal Reserve, European Central Bank* and People’s Bank of China.
  • Combined, the top 3 central banks manage monetary policies for a $47.76 trillion economy – 55.86% of 2018 global GDP.

GDP, Population, Per Capita

  • The 10 central banks represent 75.72% of 2018 global GDP
  • 75.72% of 2018 global GDP is approximately $64.97 trillion
  • The 2018 global GDP is estimated at $85.8 trillion
  • The 2018 global population is estimated at 7.59 trillion
  • The 10 central banks represent 52.98% of 2018 global population
  • 52.98% of 2018 global population is estimated at 4.02 billion
  • The 2018 global population is 7.59 billion
  • The 2018 global per capita is approximately $11,298
  • The 10 central banks per capita is approximately $16,148




The European Central Bank* represents 19 European nations using Euro (€) as official currency.  European Union (EU) comprises of 28 nations.

” The 2018 global GDP is estimated at $85.8 trillion “

 

National Flags of European Countries

2018 Most Influential Central Banks – GDP

  • The most influential central bank is Federal Reserve (Fed)
  • Federal Reserve is the Central Bank of the United States of America (United States)
  • The United States is a $20.49 trillion economy – 23.88% of 2018 global GDP
  • The top 3 most influential central banks are the Federal Reserve, European Central Bank* and People’s Bank of China.
  • Combined, the top 3 central banks manage monetary policies for a $47.76 trillion economy – 55.86% of 2018 global GDP.
  • The 10 central banks represent 75.72% of 2018 global GDP
  • 75.72% of 2018 global GDP is approximately $64.97 trillion
  • The 2018 global GDP is estimated at $85.8 trillion
S/NCountryCentral BankGDP% GDP
1United StatesFed$20.49 trillion23.88%
2European Union*ECB$13.67 trillion15.94%
3ChinaPBOC$13.60 trillion15.86%
4JapanBOJ$4.97 trillion5.79%
5United Kingdom**BOE$2.82 trillion3.29%
6IndiaRBI$2.72 trillion3.18%
7BrazilBCB$1.86 trillion2.18%
8CanadaBOC$1.71 trillion2.00%
9RussiaCBR$1.65 trillion1.93%
10Australia^RBA$1.43 trillion1.67%
Total$64.97 trillion75.72%
Global$85.80 trillion100%

 

Source: Caproasia Institute

 

” The 2018 global population is estimated at 7.59 billion “

 

Central Banks – Population

  • The 2018 global population is estimated at 7.59 trillion
  • The 10 central banks represent 52.98% of 2018 global population
  • 52.98% of 2018 global population is estimated at 4.02 billion
  • The 2018 global population is 7.59 billion
S/NCountryCentral BankPopulation% Population
1United StatesFed327.16 million4.31%
2European Union*ECB341.78 million4.50%
3ChinaPBOC1.39 trillion18.34%
4JapanBOJ126.52 million1.67%
5United Kingdom**BOE66.48 million0.88%
6IndiaRBI1.35 trillion17.81%
7BrazilBCB209.46 million2.76%
8CanadaBOC37.05 million0.49%
9RussiaCBR144.47 million1.90%
10Australia^RBA24.99 million0.33%
Total4.02 trillion52.98%
Global7.59 trillion100%

 

Source: Caproasia Institute

 

Central Banks – GDP & Population

S/NCountryCentral BankGDP% GDPPopulation% Population
1United StatesFed$20.49 trillion23.88%327.16 million4.31%
2European Union*ECB$13.67 trillion15.94%341.78 million4.50%
3ChinaPBOC$13.60 trillion15.86%1.39 trillion18.34%
4JapanBOJ$4.97 trillion5.79%126.52 million1.67%
5United Kingdom**BOE$2.82 trillion3.29%66.48 million0.88%
6IndiaRBI$2.72 trillion3.18%1.35 trillion17.81%
7BrazilBCB$1.86 trillion2.18%209.46 million2.76%
8CanadaBOC$1.71 trillion2.00%37.05 million0.49%
9RussiaCBR$1.65 trillion1.93%144.47 million1.90%
10Australia^RBA$1.43 trillion1.67%24.99 million0.33%
Total$64.97 trillion75.72%4.02 trillion52.98%
Global$85.80 trillion100%7.59 trillion100%

 

Source: Caproasia Institute

 

” The 10 central banks per capita is approximately $16,148 “

 

Per Capita

  • The 2018 global per capita is approximately $11,298
  • The 10 central banks per capita is approximately $16,148
S/NCountryCentral BankPer Capita
1United StatesFed$62,641
2European UnionECB$40,013
3ChinaPBOC$9,771
4JapanBOJ$39,287
5United KingdomBOE$42,491
6IndiaRBI$2,016
7BrazilBCB$8,921
8CanadaBOC$46,211
9RussiaCBR$11,473
10AustraliaRBA$57,305

 

Source: Caproasia Institute

 

Data Source: Caproasia Institute, Central Banks, European Union, World Bank, International Monetary Fund

 

Notes

* The European Central Bank represents 19 European nations using Euro (€) as official currency.  The 19 nations are Germany, Spain, France, Italy, Netherlands, Belgium, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia and Finland.  The European Union GDP and Population includes only the 19 European nations that are members of European Central Bank.

European Union (EU) comprises of 28 nations.  The 28 nations are Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom.

On 29th March 2017, the UK notified the European Council of its intention to leave the EU by triggering of Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty.  The United Kingdom currently remains a full member of the EU.  The total GDP of European Union including United Kingdom is $18.75 trillion (21.86% of global GDP).  The 19 nations that are members of European Central Bank has a total GDP of $13.67 trillion (15.94% of global GDP).

** United Kingdom comprises of 4 countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

^ The 10th spot of Bank of Korea (BOK) with 2018 GDP $1.61 trillion had been replaced with Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) with 2018 GDP $1.43 trillion.  The replacement is due to RBA interest rate, debt instruments and currency (AUD) attracts higher international investment and trading demand.

GDP refers to Nominal GDP (US$). The data includes 219 countries or territories.





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